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THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN HORIZONTAL VORTICITY INDUCED BY VERTICAL SHEAR AND VERTICAL MOTION DURING A SQUALL LINE PROCESS
  Revised:November 30, 2017
KeyWords:horizontal vorticity  horizontal vorticity equation  vorticity of horizontal vorticity  squall line  non-thermal wind
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Author NameAffiliationE-mail
ZHAO Xiang-jun 1. Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology/Key Laboratory of Meteorological Disaster co-funded by Ministry of Education and Jiangsu Province, Jiangsu Nanjing 210044 China
2. State Key Laboratory of Severe Weather, Chinese Academy of Meteorological of Sciences, Beijing 100081 China 
 
DING Zhi-ying  dingzhiying@nuist.edu.cn 
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Abstract:
      The horizontal vorticity equation used in this study was obtained using the equations of motion in the pressure coordinate system without considering friction, to reveal its relationship with vertical shear. By diagnostically analyzing each term in the horizontal vorticity equation during a squall line process that occurred on 19 June 2010, we found that the non-thermal wind term had a negative contribution to the local change of upward movement in the low-level atmosphere, and that its impact changed gradually from negative to positive with altitude, which could influence upward movement in the mid- and upper-level atmosphere greatly. The contribution of upward vertical transport to vertical movement was the largest in the low-level atmosphere, but had negative contribution to the upper-level atmosphere. These features were most evident in the development stage of the squall line. Based on analysis of convection cells along a squall line, we found that in the process of cell development diabatic heating caused the subsidence of constant potential temperature surface and non- geostrophic motion, which then triggered strong convergence of horizontal acceleration in the mid-level atmosphere and divergence of horizontal acceleration in the upper-level atmosphere. These changes of horizontal wind field could cause a counterclockwise increment of the horizontal vorticity around the warm cell, which then generated an increase of upward movement. This was the main reason why the non-thermal wind term had the largest contribution to the strengthening of upward movement in the mid- and upper-level atmosphere. The vertical transport of large value of horizontal vorticity was the key to trigger convection in this squall line process.
DOI:10.16555/j.1006-8775.2018.01.001
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